Are there resources that can help us think more strategically about financing child welfare services?

This list presents resources related to funding child welfare services, including current federal streams and funding challenges and recent funding trends. It includes examples to illustrate how agencies and organizations use funds in their jurisdictions.

Funding strategies and options

These are recent resources related to funding child welfare services, including overviews of current federal funding streams and which agencies and organizations are using these funds.

Casey Family Programs, State Investment Fact Sheets (2017)
This page, including individual state data sheets, details by state the number of youth in foster care, reasons for entry and exit, and how federal spending is aligned with need.

Child Trends, An Introduction to Child Welfare Funding and How States Use It (2016)
This research brief provides an overview of federal child welfare funding sources, considerations, and challenges, and highlights interviews and findings from fiscal leaders in 10 states (Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Ohio, Texas, Utah, and Wisconsin). A discussion of Title IV-E and Title IV-E waivers is also included.

Child Trends, Child Welfare Financing SFY 2014: A Survey of Federal, State and Local Expenditures (2016)
This report summarizes the 2014 findings from a biennial survey of state child welfare agencies regarding child welfare financing. Trends over the past decade are discussed.

Congressional Research Service, Child Welfare: An Overview of Federal Programs & Their Current Funding (2015)
This report provides an overview of the different federal funding streams available for child welfare and includes funding levels for each funding stream for FYs 2012–2015.

Forum for Youth Investment, Recommendations for Administrative Flexibility: Supporting Interagency Efforts to Reconnect Disconnected Youth (2012)
This white paper provides a list of federal funding streams that can be used to reconnect disconnected youth.

Jurisdictional examples

The resources below provide case studies and examples of how some jurisdictions use different funding approaches to support vulnerable children in their communities.

Annie E. Casey Foundation, Advancing Two-Generation Approaches: Funding to Help Families Succeed (2017)
This brief outlines the key funding sources of six organizations and partnerships, located in Connecticut, Indiana, Maryland, Minnesota, New York, and Texas, that are working to promote the success of the whole family.

Annie E. Casey Foundation, Funding to Coordinate Adult and Child Services (2017)
This webinar, which accompanies the preceding brief, explores funding strategies to advance the two-generation approach, which seeks to equip both parents and children to succeed.

ChildFocus, Nebraska Child Welfare Financing Primer (2015)
This primer provides an overview of federal sources of child welfare funding and how Nebraska uses federal funds, state funds, and funds from other systems to support child welfare. Principles to guide child welfare funding are found on pages 5–6.

National Academy for State Health Policy, Pooling and Braiding Funds for Health-Related Social Needs: Lessons from Virginia’s Children’s Services Act (2016)
This brief describes Virginia’s Children’s Services Act, which combines funding streams to meet the needs of low-income and at-risk populations, who are often involved with more than one state agency.

Spark Policy Institute, Blending & Braiding to Support Early Childhood Home Visiting in New York (2014)
This guide provides an overview of blending funds and braiding funds, discusses the blending and braiding of funds in New York, and provides two examples of home visiting programs that use blended and/or braided funds.

Spark Policy Institute, Early Childhood Guide to Blending & Braiding in New York (2013)
This guide is a tool to develop a blended or braided funding model and uses case studies from New York. Phase-by-phase instructions are included, as well as links to other resources on funding streams for early childhood programs.


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