Casey Family Programs invests in each state to support the work of the child welfare system, courts, policymakers and organizations that support children and families. Amounts shown are from 2008 to 2018.
Every child counts
We talk about a “foster care system,” but the goal is to prevent abuse and neglect and help every child grow up safely in his or her own family whenever possible. We can improve the safety of children who have come to the attention of child protective services by helping their families with evidence-based and promising practices.
Every year approximately:
Making smarter investments
Here’s how states invest in foster care (Title IV-E) vs. prevention and permanency services (Title IV-B).
Keeping children safe
Safety and effective response go hand in hand. Most children enter foster care due to neglect and other reasons — not because of physical or sexual abuse. Providing targeted and effective interventions as soon as possible, including by accessing new federal resources provided under the Family First Prevention Services Act, can safely allow children to remain with their families and thrive.
Reasons children enter foster care:
*"Other” includes parental substance abuse, child substance abuse, child disability, child behavior problems, parent death, parent incarceration, caretaker inability to cope, relinquishment or inadequate housing.
Children under the age of 18 living in foster care:
(on September 30 of each year)
Everyone deserves a lifelong family
What happens to children who end up in foster care? Most are safely reunited with their own family or extended family. A significant number are adopted. Under the Family First Prevention Services Act, states and tribes will have access to new resources to invest in helping more children to grow up in safe, stable families by providing appropriate and timely services prior to the need for removal, or after they return home or have been adopted.
Children exiting foster care:
*"Other” includes transferred to another agency, ran away or died. Numbers may not equal 100% due to rounding.
Progress and opportunity across America
Download individual fact sheets (PDF: 700 KB)
1. This report is based on Child Maltreatment 2017 and 2017 data made available by the National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect (NDACAN), including the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS).
Check with state officials for the most up-to-date data.